Health Tips


Hand, foot, and mouth disease is caused by a viral infection. It is most common in children. The symptoms for hand, foot and mouth disease are rashes on the hands and feet and also painful ulcers in the mouth and blisters around the nose.
Severe incidents of hand, foot, and mouth disease can require medical care, but generally, the condition goes away without medical intervention.

Hand, foot and mouth disease is most predominant in children under the age of 10 years old, especially with children aged 5 and under, but has been known to can affect older children and adults as well. The immune system will not yet have developed the antibodies to fight the disease in many younger children.

The viral infection that causes hand, foot and mouth disease is an enterovirus.

Unfortunately, there is currently no way to treat or prevent hand, foot and mouth disease, but it usually goes away without medical treatment within 7 to 14 days.
Outbreaks are uncommon in the United States. They are usually more prevalent in Western Pacific countries, for instance, Japan and Singapore.

The symptoms for hand, foot and mouth disease generally occur about 3 to 7 days after the first exposure to the virus.


The first notable symptom is a 24-to-48-hour fever of around 100° to 102° Fahrenheit, and usually a sore throat. These symptoms are normally followed by a variety of symptoms, such as:

A rash on the hands and soles of the feet, painful, red blisters, follow about 1 to 2 days after the fever begins
A loss of appetite
Ulcers on the tongue, throat, and mouth


In some cases, people will not have any symptoms, but can still pass on the virus to others. Hand, foot and mouth disease is usually most contagious during the first 7 days of sickness.

How do you get hand, foot and mouth disease?

These viruses commonly are normally found in the saliva, mucus, feces, and blister fluid of a person that has hand, foot and mouth disease and are usually spread when someone comes in close, personal contact with a person that has been infected. It is also spread through coughing and sneezing and touching infected objects.

Children who frequently are around other children have a higher risk of becoming infected with the virus, especially those who attend daycares and schools.

Treatment and Prevention
The best way to prevent hand, foot and mouth disease is by washing hands thoroughly with soap often.

Hand, foot and mouth disease can usually be diagnosed by a doctor during a physical examination. The doctor will look for sores or blisters on the feet, hands, and in some cases the genitals.

In some cases, a lab test may be required to confirm the diagnosis. Doctors can look for similar antibodies or viral substances in the blood and may collect throat and stool samples for testing.

Usually, over-the-counter medications can help in relieving some of the discomfort and fever. Make sure to always check with your doctor first before taking any medications.

Using a numbing mouthwash or spray can be helpful in reducing mouth pain.

Soft foods, like soup, can help when eating and make it less painful. Try to avoid hot or spicy foods. If your mouth ulcers become too uncomfortable, drinking cold water or sucking on ice cubes can help alleviate some of the discomforts.

Some tips for reducing the risk of hand, foot and mouth disease are:

Disinfecting surfaces (Lysol wipes are a great and easy way to disinfect)
Make sure to frequently wash your hands with soap and warm water and make sure not to share utensils and cups with others.

Usually, if an Adult or older child contract the virus it generally has a milder form of the illness, and in some cases can pass on the virus without even knowing they have it.


It's that time of year again, and even though most doctors recommend getting the flu vaccine, it is not a 100% guarantee that it is going to protect you and your family from getting the flu. If you or someone in your family begin to feel bad and you are not sure if it is the flu or not is a very simple way to recognize flu symptoms, and that is that the signs spell out the word F.A.C.T.S. (Fever, Aches, Chills, Tiredness and Sudden onset). Although, flu symptoms can differ from person to person most people that contract influenza will experience some, if not all, of these symptoms. If you are worried and believe you or a loved one may have the flu, talk to your doctor to decide the best treatment for you.


Let's review in detail some of the most common

symptoms of the Flu.



One of the most common symptoms people with the Flu notice is a high fever, and it usually comes on quite swiftly. Some children can experience the flu without running a fever at all, but generally, kids have this symptom as well.

Another predominant symptom of the flu is having aches and pains. This is because it can be difficult to get comfortable and moving around too much can cause your muscles to become very sore.

As usual, having a fever is generally associated with chills and the higher your temperature, the worse you tend to feel. Even though with a high temperature the first thing we want to do is bundle up under the cover, this can raise your body temperature, which will not help you feel any better.

One of the most notable symptoms that many people report when they get the flu is complete exhaustion. You probably will not be able to perform your normal daily activities. It can be so severe that it becomes difficult to get out of bed. This fatigue is much more noticeable than the normal tiredness you experience when you have a cold.


Sudden Onset
As mentioned before the Flu usually hits very quickly, seemingly out of the blue. One minute you can feel fine and the next feel very sick.

Other symptoms of the Flu also include:

Another sign of the Flu is a dry cough. If you develop a cough and fever, you should notify your doctor as soon as possible.

Severe congestion is generally more common with a cold, but some people can experience congestion with the flu as well. It is usually mild though.

Headaches are extremely common with the flu and can be pretty severe.
Having a throbbing headache can make you feel miserable especially when you already feel terrible from the flu. Taking an over-the-counter pain reliever such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help but always check with your doctor first.

Finally, vomiting and diarrhea. Although these symptoms are usually not common with the Flu, some people can encounter these symptoms.
For instance, children are usually more likely to have vomiting and diarrhea with the Flu, but it can occasionally happen in adults too.

Treatment for the Flu usually consists of drinking a lot of fluids and with plenty of rest! Rest and fluids help the body fight against the infection on its own. Taking an over-the-counter pain reliever can help with symptoms.
If you or a loved one think you have the Flu contact your doctor immediately. It's import to begin treatment as soon as possible so that you can recover quickly and help prevent you from getting worse. If you have the Flu remember to try a limit exposure to others since the Flu is highly contagious. Stay home from work and school until your doctor says it's okay for you to return to your normal activities.

When your precious little one is dealing with congestion and a stuffy nose it can make them feel miserable and you too because you feel helpless and want to make them feel better. Below, we are going to review some ways to help relieve your baby of their stuffy nose and congestion. Always remember to consult your baby's physician before trying any new remedies to make sure they are safe for your baby since all babies react differently to various techniques.

The most important thing to do is first to figure out what is causing the problem.

Sometimes simple nasal congestion can be generated from an upper respiratory infection, allergies or a sinus infection. Making a trip to your family physician can help you know what is causing baby's symptoms and make sure they will not require medical treatment. Symptoms of a cold can include a runny/stuffy nose, coughing, sneezing and in some cases fever. When your little one is dealing with a cold or other illness, it can make them very fussy and even cause trouble when giving a bottle, nursing, or falling/staying asleep. Generally, colds go away on their own usually within 5 to 10 days. Symptoms of cold can last ten days or more and are often an indicator that there is a sinus infection, which will need medical attention whereas allergies cause a runny nose, sneezing, and itchy, watery eyes.

Ways to help alleviate some of the baby's symptoms:


Saline Drops
Saline drops should be your first go to against congestion. Gently lay your baby down on his/her back and then lightly tilt back their chin. Gently spray two to three squirts of saline spray into each nostril. Remember to wipe the saline bottle tip when done.

Bulb Syringe
Next, using a bulb syringe can help get rid of some of the mucus that is causing baby's stuffy nose. First, squeeze the bulb to remove all the air out of the bulb and then gently insert only the tip of the bulb into the baby's nostril. Gradually loosen the bulb to suck out the mucus. Then wipe the bulb syringe and repeat in baby's other nostril.

Cool Mist Humidifier
A common cause of making congestion worse is dry air. Running a cool mist humidifier produces moisture into the atmosphere that may help loosen the congestion. Make sure to keep the humidifier clean to avoid mold and mildew.

Propping Baby Upright
Having the baby upright can help drain the mucus. Holding your baby, or letting them nap in their car seat or swing can help give them some much-needed rest and relief. Remember to always keep a watchful eye on your little one and never leave your baby unattended when they are sleeping in a swing or car-seat.

Steamy Room
Women throughout the years have been using this method to help relieve some of their baby's symptoms. The good ole steam room can help loosen the mucus that's causing your little one's nose to be stuffy. Just run a hot shower for several minutes to produce steam. Then take your baby in the steamy room and sit and hold them for a few minutes. Be careful and make sure that the hot water does NOT touch your baby as it could burn them.

Avoiding Irritants
Even though you probably do this now, try to keep your baby away from cigarette and other forms of smoke, as it can irritate your little ones congestion and cause it to worsen.

Keeping Your Baby Hydrated
Keeping your little one hydrated helps keep mucus thin. If your baby has trouble nursing or doesn't want to drink from their bottle, try a combination of saline drops and using a bulb syringe before each feeding time to help remove congestion and try to encourage them to drink fluids as much as possible.

To improve your congested baby's sleep, use a mixture of these techniques before bedtime. You may also want to elevate one side of his/her crib mattress slightly. Just fold a small towel and carefully place it underneath the crib mattress. Sleeping with their head elevated will help make breathing easier for them. Keep an eye on your little one since babies love to turn around in their sleep.

Talk to your baby's pediatrician if your child develops a fever of 100 degrees Fahrenheit or more with the congestion. Also consult your baby's pediatrician if your little one develops a barking cough, if they have trouble eating or drinking or if the symptoms of congestion get worse or last longer than ten days as this can be a sign of something more serious.


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